Horses have the largest eyes of any land mammal. Their eyes are positioned on the sides of their heads, giving them nearly 360-degree vision.
Horses cannot focus their eyes in the way humans do. They have to change the angle of their heads if they want to see close objects well. That’s why they bob their heads up and down as you come near. They want to see you clearly.
In research where horses were taught to work light switches, they consistently proved that they preferred light by turning the lights on at night.
Horses have a unique digestive system known as hindgut fermentation, which allows them to digest fibrous plant material.
A horse’s teeth continue to grow throughout its life. They can erupt up to 2-3 millimeters per year.
Horses can sleep both lying down and standing up. They have a unique mechanism called the “stay apparatus” that allows them to lock their knees and remain upright.
A horse’s heart is massive, weighing around 9 to 10 pounds (4 to 4.5 kilograms) on average.
Horses communicate through a combination of vocalizations, body language, and facial expressions. They can make a variety of sounds, including neighs, snorts, and whinnies
The average lifespan of a horse is around 25 to 30 years, although some horses have been known to live into their 40s.
Horses are highly social animals and form strong bonds with other horses. They also have a hierarchical social structure within a herd.
Horses have an exceptional memory and can remember people, places, and experiences for many years.
The fastest recorded sprinting speed of a horse was over 55 miles per hour (88.5 kilometers per hour).
Horses have a unique system of blood vessels in their legs that helps circulate blood efficiently, even when standing for long periods.
The first domestication of horses occurred around 4,000 BCE, or 2,200 years ago, and they have been essential to human civilization ever since.
Horses can see in color, but they have dichromatic vision, which means they see fewer colors than humans.
Horses have a strong sense of hearing and can rotate their ears 180 degrees to listen in different directions.
The record for the tallest horse ever recorded is held by a Belgian Draft horse named Big Jake, who stood at 20.2 hands (6 feet 10 inches or 208 cm) tall.
Horses have a natural “fight or flight” response to danger due to their evolutionary history as prey animals.
Horses have a unique respiratory system that allows them to breathe solely through their nostrils. They are obligate nasal breathers, meaning they cannot breathe through their mouths.
The average horse’s hoof grows at a rate of about 1/4 to 3/8 of an inch (0.6 to 1 centimeter) per month.
Horses have a highly developed sense of touch, particularly in their lips and muzzle, which they use to explore their environment and communicate with other horses.
Horses have a specialized structure called the “withers” located at the base of their neck, which helps support the weight of a rider or a pack.
The smallest recognized horse breed is the Falabella, which typically stands around 7 to 8 hands (28 to 32 inches or 71 to 81 cm) tall.
Horses have a remarkable ability to adapt to different climates and can be found in a wide range of habitats worldwide.
The process of a horse giving birth is known as foaling, and the offspring is called a foal. Foals can stand and walk shortly after birth.
Horses have a strong sense of smell and can detect scents and pheromones in the air. They can probably sense and to a degree understand their riders’ emotions.